In the last post I talked about the meditation of two types. Today, I am going to expand on the practice of concentrative meditation.
Concentrative meditation is the art of staying on one thought. It is specifically different to contemplative meditation in the sense that no intellectual examination is performed while practicing this meditation. It is predominantly designed to help you settle your mind and attain stillness of the body. In a way, concentrative meditation is the preliminary practice of meditation. As you continue to practice, you will experience an inexplicable calmness, bliss will engulf you, a definitive quietude will dawn on you.
Krishna says to Arjuna:
yatroparamate cittam nirud’dham yogasevaya।
yatra caivatmanatmanam pashyannatmani tushyati।।(Bhagavad Gita, 6.20)
With the constant practice of yoga, in that state of perfect stillness of the mind, the yogi experiences his true nature. With his supremely purified self, attained as a result of meditation, he remains firmly established in his primordial state.
Further, in the same chapter, he instructs:
shanaih shanairuparamedbudhya dhrtigrhitaya।
atmasanstham manah krtva na kincidapi cintayet।। (Bhagavad Gita, 6.25)
Steadily, with practice, such yogin should meditate with patience and resolve, constantly bringing his wandering mind back to the Divine. He should meditate on the Divine, the Supreme, and do nothing else during his practice.
Various Buddhist texts on mediation share the same view. Notably, Madhyamaka Hridya states:
If one is overcome with distraction, one should retreat and regard it as a sign of diversion.
And, Prajñāpāramitā documents that firm concentration pacifies craving for sensory pleasures.
Stillness of the body and mind comes with great practice. Let me get to the actual practice; as follows:
1. Sit in a comfortable posture, preferably crossed legged.
2. Keep your back and head straight. Neck, slightly bent, just only.
3. Abandon all body movements.
4. Yoke your focus on any object.
5. Maintain great mindfulness.
Each time your mind wanders off, bring it back to the point of focus. Over time you will develop razor-sharp awareness; so that, you will become aware of each emerging thought before it turns into a distraction.
Correct posture plays a significant part in right meditation. I will cover the importance and benefits of correct posture when we get to Physical Transformation. For now, just know that a steady, comfortable and right posture helps you gain control over the five primary energies and the act of concentrative meditation stills the five secondary energies. In the next post, I will briefly cover the ten vital energies. Manipulation and channelization of the energies will help you maintain one posture for as long as you want.
It is particularly important to note that during concentrative meditation, you must stay away from all intellectual examination, contemplation and cogitation. For example, let us say, you are meditating on a form. And you have, in front of you, an idol of Krishna you are meditating on. Do not start examining the characteristics of the idol or start thinking about Krishna, his pastimes, his life and so forth. Just keep your attention focused at his form. In the initial stages, if you start contemplating before attaining one-pointed concentration, your mind will wander off and you may not even realize.
Do not accept, reject, examine, follow, engage in or pursue your thoughts. Do not act or react. Just gently maintain your concentration. You may want to refer to the post on one-pointed concentration to know the four types of objects for concentration. Maintain short but crisp and lucid sessions of meditation. An untamed mind cannot stay on a thought for any longer than three seconds. I would recommend that rather than doing one session of forty five minutes, do three sessions of fifteen minutes. They will bring much greater benefit. Over time, as you get better, you can gradually increase the duration.
I would also like to tell you that there is no joy in concentrative meditation, in the actual practice. But once you start to experience a quiescent mind, you will almost be addicted to meditation.